2011年3月30日 星期三

[SD] Outline agreements

概要協定

The two main outline agreements are scheduling agreements and contracts.

  • The simplest and most common type of scheduling agreement is represented in the system by document type DS .
  • There are two types of contracts - value and quantity .

Scheduling Agreements

A scheduling agreement is an outline agreement between you and a sold-to party that is valid for a certain period of time . The scheduling agreement contains fixed delivery dates and quantities .
  • These dates are contained in the schedule lines for the scheduling agreements.

Quantity Contracts

  • The contract does not contain any schedule lines, delivery quantities, or delivery dates.

Messages about Open Outline Agreements

  • You can choose several options for the search and determine how the system should react if the search is successful:
    • Blank: No checks
    • A/B:Check at header / item level:
      The system compares the customer numbers and material numbers. If there are any open outline agreements, it displays a dialog box in which you can make a selection. You can then display the open agreements in the form of a list, or continue to process the sales order.
    • C/D: Check at header / item level and copy if unique:
      If the system finds exactly one open outline agreement, this document is created automatically. Instead of displaying a dialog box, the system issues an information message in the status bar for the release.
    • E/F:Check at header / item level and branch immediately to selection list:
      Instead of displaying a dialog box, the system immediately goes to the selection list. No dialog box is displayed. If there is only one open contract, the system reacts as in C/D.

Value Contracts

It specifies that your customer agrees to purchase a fixed dollar value (target amount) of goods and services during a defined period.
A value contract can contain other agreements between you and your customer that are checked in the release orders:
  • Special price agreements
  • Customer restrictions
  • Material restrictions
    • Product hierarchy (can be searched for generically by entering the first few digits, such as 0000101)
    • List of valid materials (assortment module)
  • You can create releases in any currency but the total value is updated in the currency of the contract.
  • You can either bill the value contract directly or you can bill each release order
  • Document type WK1 uses item category WKN. Document type WK2 uses item category WKC.
    According to what you enter in the item, the system determines the item category with the usage indicator VCTR or the item category group VCIT .
  • In the standard system, value contracts (document determination procedure Y) use pricing procedure WK0001 with condition type WK00 for the agreed target value.

Partners Authorized to Release in Contract

To meet this requirement, maintain the Check partner authorization field in Customizing for the sales document type. The sales order can be set up as a customer list (rule A) or via the customer hierarchy (rule B).
  • Rule A Check contract partners
    If there is a customer list, you can store the partners authorized to release directly in the partner screen for the contract document.
    • In the standard system, partner function AA has been defined for use as an optional partner function in the relevant partner determination procedure (KAB procedure in the standard system).
    • Alternative ship-to parties are represented by partner function AW .
    • If there are already several possible sold-to parties in the customer master record (partner functions SP and AA), the system displays a selection screen when you create the contract where you can select and copy several partners in one step.
    • Partners authorized to release are checked at header level only.

Contract Data in Sales Documents

In Customizing for sales document types, you can activate the contract data.
blank:No contract data
X:Contract data is permitted. Any changes to the contract header are not copied to the items.
Y:Contract data is permitted. Changes to the contract header are automatically copied to the items if the header and item data were identical previously. Changes are saved in a log. The log also notes any possible problems and inconsistencies.

Contract Profile

If you assign a contract profile to the sales document type, the system automatically determines default values specific to the contract. These could be:
  • Rules for determining start and end of the contract
  • Duration category
  • Subsequent activities
  • Cancellation procedure